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Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetic Retinopathy

A diabetic ophthalmic complication known as diabetic retinography has been linked to some other serious optical issues or problems such as glaucoma, cataracts, iris neovascularization, corneal abnormalities, and neuropathies. Although, issues described later are not as serious as diabetic retinography which can result in blindness. It was found that, People between the ages of twenty-five and seventy-four were discovered to be the most affected by this issue.

Diabetes mellitus (DM) makes numbers of imbalance on the human body and damages several body parts. Among them Retinopathy is one of the most dangerous problems. While treatment can slow or stop the progression of diabetic retinopathy, it's not a cure. There is still no solution for this problem. As a long-term and life long problem, full retinal damage leading to vision loss is a major possibility. Even after treatment for diabetic retinopathy, you'll need regular eye exams.

Eye injections

Although it is proven that there is no permanent solution to diabetic retinography, in some cases it is found that on maculopathy, injections are used which prevents new blood vessels formation on the backside. Anti-VEGF is one of the popular injections for the task. There are more injections like ranibizumab (Lucentis) and aflibercept (Eylea) too. But please consider this, these steps can help you in the fact of reducing the amount of damage or from getting worse.

While treatment, Eyes surrounding skin will be cleaned and covered with a sheet and to keep the eyes open using some small clips. To numb your eyes, local anaesthetic drops will be administered. Your eyeball is accurately poked with a very fine needle to administer the injection. Mostly, these injections are typically administered once a month. As your eye sight develops, they will either be stopped or administered less frequently depending on improvement.

Diabetic Retinopathy stages

A progressive eye condition known as diabetic retinopathy has two types and four stages. Nonproliferative and proliferative are the two types. Early disease stages are referred to as nonproliferative, while advanced disease stages are referred to as proliferative. Stages are : Stage 1: Mild nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, Stage 2: Moderate nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, Stage 3: Severe nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy, Stage 4: Proliferative diabetic retinopathy

But even before symptoms appear, diabetic retinopathy can be found in its early stages with an eye exam by an ophthalmologist or eye care specialist.

Advanced diabetic retinopathy therapies

For the patients of diabetic retinopathy, we know that there is no medicine that can directly work or cure this problem but it is possible to reduce the rate of damage or recover vision or eye sight on some portion. Some of the advanced treatments are:

  • Laser therapy can be used to treat proliferative diabetic retinopathy
  • Eye injections to treat your sight-threatening severe maculopathy
  • Retina and optic nerve while your eyes are dilated.


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